|Anno II – Numero 6 – Febbraio 2021
|Comitato scientifico editoriale: Antonio Magi, Pierluigi Bartoletti, Fernando De Benedetto, Giovanbattista Desideri, Francesco Cognetti, Roberto Messina
Editore: Intermedia – Direttore Responsabile: Mauro Boldrini – firstname.lastname@example.org
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ARTICOLI DALLA LETTERATURA SCIENTIFICA
Effectiveness of Perindopril/Indapamide Single-Pill Combination in Uncontrolled Patients with Hypertension: A Pooled Analysis of the FORTISSIMO, FORSAGE, ACES and PICASSO Observational Studies
Csaba András Dézsi, Maria Glezer, Yuri Karpov, Romualda Brzozowska-Villatte, Csaba Farsang
Introduction: Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of a perindopril/indapamide (Per/Ind) single-pill combination (SPC) in a broad range of patient profiles, including subgroups with varying hypertension severity, age and cardiovascular risk profiles.
Methods: Patient data from four large prospective observational studies (FORTISSIMO, FORSAGE, PICASSO, ACES) were pooled. In each study, patients already treated for hypertension were switched to Per/Ind 10/2.5 mg SPC and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) measured at the 1-month (M1) and 3-month (M3) visits. Study endpoints included change in SBP and DBP from baseline to M1 and M3 and the percentage of patients achieving BP control (SBP/DBP < 140/90 mmHg for patients without diabetes or < 140/85 mmHg for patients with diabetes)…Read more
Adherence is associated with a favorable outcome after lung transplantation
Anna Bertram, Jan Fuge, Hendrik Suhling, Igor Tudorache, Axel Haverich, Tobias Welte, Jens Gottlieb
Non-adherence to therapy is associated with impaired outcome in solid organ allograft recipients. Outcome data are limited after lung transplantation. In a single-center cohort study, adherence was assessed in 427 patients undergoing lung transplantation from 2010 to 2013. Objective criteria of adherence were judged by health care workers on every visit on a five item Likert scale including trough level monitoring, home spirometry and contact with an overall rating of adherence between 0 and 100%. Cut-off values for good vs. suboptimal adherence were defined retrospectively. Primary outcome was allograft survival, secondary outcomes were patient survival, prevalence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction, hospitalizations, renal function and quality of life. Follow-up ended on 31st December 2018. Median adherence was 86% on 6,623 visits, this cut-off was used as a discriminator between good and suboptimal adherers. Patients with good adherence within the first three years...Read more
Medication Non-Adherence among Patients with Heart Failure
Zahid U Rehman, Arsalan K Siddiqui, Musa Karim, Haris Majeed, Muhammad Hashim
Introduction Poor adherence or non-adherence to the prescribed medications among heart failure (HF) patients is a common problem. This leads to hospital admission due to increased HF exacerbations, reduced physical function, and even death. The study was conducted to assess the heart failure medication adherence level, using Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8), among heart failure patients visiting the adult cardiology department of a tertiary care cardiac center in Karachi. Methods This cross-sectional study included patients diagnosed with heart failure visiting for the follow-up to both inpatient and outpatient departments of a tertiary care cardiac center of Karachi, Pakistan. Medication adherence level was assessed using a validated Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8). The total MMAS-8 score was calculated by adding all of the 8 individual question scores and patients with a score of eight were classified as adherent, otherwise…Read more
Effect of a Smart Pill Bottle and Pharmacist Intervention on Medication Adherence in Patients with Multiple Myeloma New to Lenalidomide Therapy
Joseph Mauro, Kelly B Mathews, Eric S Sredzinski
Background: U.S. specialty drug spend is expected to reach $400 billion by 2020, with significant growth in oncology. New oral oncology approvals have allowed for more convenient outpatient administration compared with physician-administered chemotherapies; however, patients may encounter challenges with adherence when taking medications at home. Emerging medication adherence technology (MAT) attempts to provide at-home adherence support, and while one such technology, smart pill bottles (SPB), claims to improve medication adherence, few studies have formally assessed their effects.
Objectives: To assess the effect of an SPB with pharmacist intervention on medication adherence in adult patients with multiple myeloma (MM) new to lenalidomide therapy (≤ 5 cycle dispenses). Secondary objectives were to evaluate treatment cycles completed, evaluate…Read more
The Role of Technology in Adherence to Physical Activity Programs in Patients with Chronic Diseases Experiencing Fatigue: a Systematic Review
Andrea Albergoni, Florentina J Hettinga, Antonio La Torre, Matteo Bonato, Francesco Sartor
Background: The beneficial role of physical activity (PA) to manage the health condition of patients with chronic diseases is well known. However, adherence to PA guidelines in this group is still low. Monitoring and user-interface technology could represent a significant tool to increase exercise adherence to those particular groups who experience difficulties in adhering to regular and substantial physical activity, and could be supportive in increasing the success of PA programs and interventions. This systematic review aimed at evaluating the effect of physical activity monitoring technology in improving adherence to a PA program in patients with chronic diseases experiencing fatigue.
Methods: This systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. The literature search was performed in Embase, Medline, Biosis, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus. We filtered the literature…Read more
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